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WHAT IS THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET

THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET:
WHAT IS IT?


"MAM" [MD] [Modello Alimentare Mediterraneo, Mediterranean Diet, MD] refers to the overall style of nutrition which characterises the populations living around the Mediterranean.

It is a "way of eating" and does not mean eating the same type of food. It includes ingredients, food and methods of preparation that are sometimes very different, although there are some similarities.





WHAT ARE THE COMMON ASPECTS?

Consumption of a wide range of vegetables (fruit and vegetables) and legumes, complex carbohydrates, preferably whole foods, olive oil as the main source of fat and adequate sources of protein with a preference for fish instead of meat.
So it is not just one food or a specific nutritional principle that gives the positive results, it is all these dietary habits taken together. 1-2

NOTE:
1) J Nutr. 2001 Nov;131(11 Suppl):3065S-73S. The Mediterranean diets: What is so special about the diet of Greece? The scientific evidence. Simopoulos AP. The Center for Genetics, Nutrition and Health, Washington, DC, USA
2) Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2004 Jun;54(2 Suppl 1):52-8. [Wheat, bread and pasta in Mediterranean diets] Pérez Rodrigo C, Ruiz Vadillo V. Unidad de Nutrición Comunitaria-Servicio Municipal de Salud Pública, Bilbao